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Improving the intercalibration of σ0 values for the Jason-1 and Jason-2 altimeters

Quartly, Graham D.. 2009 Improving the intercalibration of σ0 values for the Jason-1 and Jason-2 altimeters. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 6 (6). 538-542. https://doi.org/10.1109/LGRS.2009.2020921

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Abstract/Summary

The normalized backscatter from a radar altimeter, σ0, is a measure of the surface roughness at scales of a few radar wavelengths; over the ocean this is used to infer wind speed. Long-term studies of wind speed rely on consistent measurements within an altimetric mission and good intercalibration between missions. For the Jason-1 and Jason-2 altimeters the derivation of σ0 from the full waveform data is known to be sensitive to the recovered value for ψ2, a term encompassing both mispointing and inhomogeneities within the altimetric footprint. The six months of data from the Jason-1/2 tandem mission reveal that different σ0 corrections are needed for these two causes of non-zero ψ2 values. With these corrections implemented, the r.m.s. difference of Ku-band σ0 values for Jason-1 and Jason-2 drops from 0.15 dB to 0.05 dB, with the bias between the two showing a clear trend with wind speed; Jason-1 being 0.04 dB greater in high winds but 0.19 dB greater in low winds. No clear change in offset is noted during the 6 months of overlapping data. Implementation of this correction will improve consistency of Jason-1 σ0 values and may impact on orbit-fitting procedures.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1109/LGRS.2009.2020921
ISSN: 1545-598X
Additional Keywords: altimeter, sigma0, Jason-1, Jason-2, cal/val, tandem mission
Date made live: 18 May 2009 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/166226

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