Biological Flora of the British Isles: Stachys palustris L.

Taylor, Kenneth; Rowland, Phillip. 2011 Biological Flora of the British Isles: Stachys palustris L. Journal of Ecology, 99 (4). 1081-1090.

Full text not available from this repository.


1. This account presents information on all aspects of the biology of Stachys palustris (Marsh Woundwort) that are relevant to understanding its ecological characteristics and behaviour. The main topics are presented within the standard framework of the Biological Flora of the British Isles: distribution, habitat, communities, responses to biotic factors, responses to environment, structure and physiology, phenology, floral and seed characters, herbivores and disease, history, and conservation. 2. Stachys palustris is a monoecious perennial herb, with long creeping, strong, subsurface rhizomes. It is a common native herb growing by streams, rivers, ditches, ponds, in fens, marshes and swamps, and less frequently a weed of cultivated land. 3. Although widespread throughout most of the British Isles, S. palustris is typically a plant of land–water transitional situations that are not seral and, as such, appears to be under-represented in descriptions of plant communities. 4. Stachys palustris is typically found on intermittently flooded and poorly drained soils, which are weakly acid or weakly basic and highly fertile. 5. The production of numerous subsurface rhizomes by S. palustris helps to maintain shoot population density with little recourse to seedling recruitment. 6. Stachys × ambigua, the hybrid between Stachys palustris and S. sylvatica, is most frequent in northern and western Britain. 7. Stachys palustris is particularly valuable as a nectar source for insects, especially bumblebees. It has antispasmodic, antiseptic and astringent properties; the name ‘Woundwort’ derives from its traditional use in staunching bleeding and healing wounds.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
Programmes: CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 - 2012 > Biodiversity > BD Topic 2 - Ecological Processes in the Environment
UKCEH and CEH Sections/Science Areas: Shore
UKCEH Fellows
ISSN: 0022-0477
Additional Keywords: associated fungi, communities, environmental responses, geographical and altitudinal distribution, germination, herbivory, history, nutrients, reproductive biology, soils
NORA Subject Terms: Botany
Ecology and Environment
Date made live: 27 Jun 2011 11:58 +0 (UTC)

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...