Crustal structure of the NE Rockall Trough from wide-angle seismic data modeling

Klingelhofer, F.; Edwards, R.A.; Hobbs, R.W.; England, R.W.. 2005 Crustal structure of the NE Rockall Trough from wide-angle seismic data modeling. Journal of Geophysical Research, 110 (B11). B11105.

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Two wide-angle seismic lines located in the northern Rockall Trough were acquired in May 2000. One line (line E) crosses the trough from the continental shelf off Lewis to normal oceanic crust west of Lousy Bank in NW-SE direction. The other line (line D) intersects with line E, crosses the Wyville-Thomson Ridge in a SW-NE direction and ends in the Faeroe-Shetland Basin. Sonobuoy data and expanding spread profiles acquired in the same area have been remodeled. Analysis of the seismic data using travel times and amplitudes reveals an up to 5 km thick sedimentary basin including an up to 1.5 km thick basaltic layer which is present in most of the trough. Further conclusions of this study are that the Rockall Trough is underlain by highly stretched continental crust of ~13 km thickness. The crust thickens to ~24 km beneath Lousy Bank, which is interpreted to be of continental nature. Beneath the Hebrides continental shelf a three-layer continental crust of 26 km is modeled. An up to 12 km thick high-velocity layer is observed underneath the ocean-continent boundary and is interpreted as magmatic underplating resulting from excess volcanism during rifting. No evidence for an underplate layer could be distinguished beneath the trough area. Modeling of the structure of the Wyville-Thomson Ridge revealed no existing igneous core of the ridge confirming existing theories, that it is a compressional structure.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
Additional Keywords: Rockall Trough, wide-angle seismics, crustal structure
Date made live: 30 Mar 2006 +0 (UTC)

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