Metal ion binding by humic acid : application of the NICA-Donnan model

Kinniburgh, David G.; Milne, Christopher J.; Benedetti, Marc F.; Pinheiro, Jose P.; Filius, Jeroen; Koopal, Luuk K.; van Riemsdij, Willem H.. 1996 Metal ion binding by humic acid : application of the NICA-Donnan model. Environmental Science and Technology, 30 (5). 1687-1698.

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A Donnan-type model for nonspecific binding of electrolyte ions has been combined with the non-ideal competitive adsorption (NICA) model for specific binding to produce a model for ion binding to humic substances. The model considers site heterogeneity, non-ideality, multicomponent competition, and electrostatic interactions. The NICA-Donnan model was fitted to data for H, Ca, Cd, Cu, and Pb binding by a purified peat humic acid. The model fits were good and covered a wide range of pH and free metal concentrations. The parameters from these single metal data sets were then used to predict the competitive effect of Ca on Cd and Cu binding at various pHs. These predictions agreed well with the experimental data although there were some small but systematic differences. The new NICA-Donnan model also predicted reasonably well the increase in Cd and Cu binding on changing from a 0.1 M KNO3 background electrolyte to 0.01 M KNO3. A shortcoming of the model is that in some cases it significantly underestimated the H+/M2+ exchange ratio, especially at high pH and for Cu binding.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
Programmes: BGS Programmes > Groundwater Management
Additional Keywords: GroundwaterBGS, Groundwater
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Date made live: 02 Dec 2010 14:38 +0 (UTC)

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