Ice flow modulated by tides at up to annual periods on Rutford Ice Stream, West Antarctica

Murray, T.; Smith, A.M. ORCID:; King, M.A.; Weedon, G.P.. 2007 Ice flow modulated by tides at up to annual periods on Rutford Ice Stream, West Antarctica. Geophysical Research Letters, 34 (18), L18503. 6, pp.

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For over 2-years we have collected GPS data similar to 40 km upstream of the grounding line on Rutford Ice Stream, West Antarctica. Here we examine deviations from mean downstream flow. Although the record is incomplete during winter, there is clear modulation of flow at semi-diurnal, diurnal, two-weekly, semi-annual, and annual ocean tidal frequencies. This is the first observation of ice stream flow variations over such a long time-period, and such a wide range of frequencies. The ice stream flows fastest at equinoxes when there are two semi-diurnal tides of equal magnitude, and slowest at solstices when one of the semi-diurnal tides has lower amplitude. The sensitivity of the downstream flow is greatest to the long-period forcing, which suggests that ice stream velocity may be affected by future changes in sea level. If so, this effect would provide a feedback whereby rising sea levels could increase ice stream velocity and hence discharge.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
Programmes: BAS Programmes > Global Science in the Antarctic Context (2005-2009) > Glacial Retreat in Antarctica and Deglaciation of the Earth System
ISSN: 0094-8276
NORA Subject Terms: Glaciology
Date made live: 02 Nov 2011 16:42 +0 (UTC)

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