Managing groundwater resources in rural India : the community and beyond

British Geological Survey. 2005 Managing groundwater resources in rural India : the community and beyond. British Geological Survey, 108pp. (CR/05/035N) (Unpublished)

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The use ofgroundwaterinIndiahasgrownenormouslysincethe1960s.Today, groundwater provides a critical source of domestic and irrigation water, and also underpins efforts toreduce vulnerability, support livelihoods and sustain food security.Thisreflectsthefact thatgroundwater canbeaccessedrelatively easily and cheaply andprovides a reliable, and usually high quality, source of supply. In many areas of India, however, there is increasing evidence that the intensity of groundwaterexploitationisnotsustainable-as a resultofsustainedperiodsofabstractionthat exceed long-term rainfall recharge or cause significant localised dewatering of aquifers - andthatwellyieldsaredecreasing.Thereduced access to groundwater may disproportionately affect poorer households - for example assetpoor farmers locked into the groundwater economy - and those dependent on shallow, communitywellsfortheirdrinkingwater. Addressing the problem of groundwater overdraft in India is a subject of major debate. Conventional wisdom prescribes a mix of regulatory and economic reforms to control groundwater use and balance demand and supply. Implementing such reforms, however, andcreatingmanagement organisations withthemandate,reachandcapacity to influencethedecisionsof millionsofgroundwaterusers, isahugechallenge. Against this background, is an attractive idea, particularly in the context of political and administrative decentralisation, and the shift towards more bottom-upplanningprocesses.

Item Type: Publication - Report
Programmes: BGS Programmes > Groundwater Management
Funders/Sponsors: NERC, Great Britain. Department for International Development
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: This item has been internally reviewed but not externally peer-reviewed
Additional Keywords: GroundwaterBGS, Groundwater, International development
NORA Subject Terms: Earth Sciences
Date made live: 24 Sep 2010 10:45 +0 (UTC)

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