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Eddy mass transport for the Southern Ocean in an eddy-permitting global ocean model

Lee, M-M.; Coward, A.. 2003 Eddy mass transport for the Southern Ocean in an eddy-permitting global ocean model. Ocean Modelling, 5 (3). 249-266. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1463-5003(02)00044-6

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Abstract/Summary

The eddy-induced mass transport is diagnosed for the Southern Ocean in an eddy-permitting global ocean model (OCCAM). The focus is on the transport by transient eddies in the deep ocean. The transport streamfunction is calculated in four different combinations of coordinate system. Depending on the coordinate system employed, the strength of transient eddy transport varies from 6 Sv meridional transport in latitude-density coordinates to 20 Sv across-streamline transport in streamline-depth coordinates. It is shown that transient eddies as well as standing eddies are necessary for cancelling the Deacon cell. In the Antarctic bottom water density layer, the major contribution of the transient eddies towards net equatorward transport occurs (a) as a strong transport over the narrow Drake Passage and (b) as a weaker but systematic transport over a broader region in the southeast Pacific where the Antarctic circumpolar current breaks up into multiple jets. In contrast, in the North Atlantic deep water density layer the net poleward eddy transport is spread out almost everywhere. This suggests that attention to eddies should not be restricted to places where the eddy transport has large magnitude.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/S1463-5003(02)00044-6
Additional Keywords: MASS TRANSPORT, ANTARCTIC OCEAN, MODELS, Eddy transport; Residual streamfunction; Across-streamline transport; Deacon cell
Date made live: 11 May 2004 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/102049

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