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The long-term (1979-2005) effects of the North Atlantic Oscillation on wind-induced wave mixing in Loch Leven (Scotland)

Spears, Bryan M.; Jones, Ian D.. 2010 The long-term (1979-2005) effects of the North Atlantic Oscillation on wind-induced wave mixing in Loch Leven (Scotland). Hydrobiologia, 646 (1). 49-59. 10.1007/s10750-010-0188-9

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Abstract/Summary

We report on long-term covariation (1979-2005) between indices of the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) and wind speed and direction in Loch Leven. The effects of the observed variations in wind speed and direction were combined to produce modelled wave mixed depths (Zc). Positive correlations were observed between seasonal and annual wind speeds, and westerly frequency, and indices of the NAO that are in line with general perception: positive NAO was correlated with stronger, more westerly winds and these effects were strongest in winter and spring. Correlations between NAO and estimates of Zc were strongest in the most westerly exposed site in spring (r2 = 0.701; Zcspring versus spring NAO index). On average, over a 25-year period Zc was deeper in spring and shallower in summer. Major anomalies from the 25-year seasonal means were observed in 1982, 1979, and 1991. Annual average Zc was low in the late 1970s and early 1980s (shallowest average annual Zc of 1.0 m (1984)), high in the late 1980s and early 1990s (deepest average annual Zc of 1.9 m (1990)) and moderate in recent years (up to 2005). This work has major implications for our understanding of potential climate change drivers and the related responses of shallow lake ecosystems, including alterations to littoral habitat quality and benthic-pelagic coupling.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1007/s10750-010-0188-9
Programmes: CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 onwards > Water > WA Topic 2 - Ecohydrological Processes > WA - 2.3 - Assess the responses of river, lake and wetland ecosystems to ecohydrological drivers
CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Water > WA03 Developing strategic data and knowledge at a catchment scale to enable the wiser management of the water environment > WA03.2 Long term monitoring
CEH Sections: Parr
Watt
ISSN: 0018-8158
Additional Keywords: wind, waves, lake, sediment, NAO
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Related URLs:
Date made live: 28 Apr 2010 13:28
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/9642

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