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Measurement and modelling ozone fluxes over a cut and fertilized grassland

Mészáros, R.; Horváth, L.; Weidinger, T.; Neftel, A.; Nemitz, E.; Dämmgen, U.; Cellier, P.; Loubet, B.. 2009 Measurement and modelling ozone fluxes over a cut and fertilized grassland. Biogeosciences, 6. 1987-1999. 10.5194/bg-6-1987-2009

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Abstract/Summary

During the GRAMINAE Integrated Experiment between 20 May and 15 June 2000, the ozone flux was measured by the eddy covariance method above intensively managed grassland in Braunschweig, northern Germany. Three different phases of vegetation were covered during the measuring campaign: tall grass canopy before cut (29 May 2000), short grass after cut, and re-growing vegetation after fertilization (5 June 2000). Results show that beside weather conditions, the agricultural activities significantly influenced the O3 fluxes. After the cut the daytime average of the deposition velocity (vd) decreased from 0.44 cm s−1 to 0.26 cm s−1 and increased again to 0.32 cm s−1 during the third period. Detailed model calculations were carried out to estimate deposition velocity and ozone flux. The model captures the general diurnal patter of deposition, with vd daytime values of 0.52, 0.24, and 0.35 cm s−1 in the first, second and third period, respectively. Thus the model predicts a stronger response to the cut than the measurements, which is nevertheless smaller than expected on the basis of change in leaf area. The results show that both cut and fertilization have complex impacts on fluxes. Reduction of vegetation by cutting decreased the stomatal flux initially greatly, but the stomatal flux recovered to 80% of its original value within a week. At the same time, the non-stomatal flux appears to have increased directly after the cut, which the model partially explains by an increase in the deposition to the soil. A missing sink after the cut may be the chemical interaction with biogenic volatile organic compounds released after the cut and exposed senescent plant parts, or the increase in soil NO emissions after fertilization. Increased canopy temperatures may also have promoted ozone destruction on leaf surfaces. These results demonstrate the importance of canopy structure and non-stomatal pathways on O3 fluxes. [abstract from: http://www.biogeosciences.net/6/1987/2009/bg-6-1987-2009.html]

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.5194/bg-6-1987-2009
Programmes: CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Biogeochemistry > BG01 Measuring and modelling trace gas, aerosol and carbon
CEH Sections: Billett (to 30 Nov 2013)
ISSN: 1726-4170
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: Full text available through official URL link. Paper published in Biogeosciences 6 (Special Issue): Processes controlling the exchange of ammonia between grassland and the atmosphere (GRAMINAE), edited by K.Pilegaard, J.K. Schjoerring and M.A. Sutton.
NORA Subject Terms: Atmospheric Sciences
Date made live: 17 May 2010 10:05
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/9452

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