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Enhancement of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services by Ecological Restoration: A Meta-Analysis

Rey Benayas, Jose M.; Newton, Adrian C.; Diaz, Anita; Bullock, James M.. 2009 Enhancement of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services by Ecological Restoration: A Meta-Analysis. Science, 325 (5944). 1121-1124. 10.1126/science.1172460

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Abstract/Summary

Ecological restoration is widely used to reverse the environmental degradation caused by human activities. However, the effectiveness of restoration actions in increasing provision of both biodiversity and ecosystem services has not been evaluated systematically. A meta-analysis of 89 restoration assessments in a wide range of ecosystem types across the globe indicates that ecological restoration increased provision of biodiversity and ecosystem services by 44 and 25%, respectively. However, values of both remained lower in restored versus intact reference ecosystems. Increases in biodiversity and ecosystem service measures after restoration were positively correlated. Results indicate that restoration actions focused on enhancing biodiversity should support increased provision of ecosystem services, particularly in tropical terrestrial biomes.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1126/science.1172460
Programmes: CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 onwards > Biodiversity > BD Topic 2 - Ecological Processes in the Environment
CEH Sections: Hails
ISSN: 0036-8075
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Related URLs:
Date made live: 21 Oct 2009 13:19
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/8122

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