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Ar-Ar and U-Pb Geochronology of a Late Paleoproterozoic Rift Basin: Support for a Genetic Link with Hudsonian Orogenesis, Western Churchill Province, Nunavut, Canada

Rainbird, RH; Davis, WJ; Stern, RA; Peterson, TD; Smith, SR; Parrish, Randall R; Hadlari, T. 2006 Ar-Ar and U-Pb Geochronology of a Late Paleoproterozoic Rift Basin: Support for a Genetic Link with Hudsonian Orogenesis, Western Churchill Province, Nunavut, Canada. Journal of Geology, 114 (1). 1-17.

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Abstract/Summary

The Baker Lake Group (Baker Sequence) represents the record of the formative stage of Baker Lake Basin, a series of generally elongate, northeast-striking, half-graben, and fault-bounded troughs filled with continental redbeds and coeval voluminous ultrapotassic volcanic rocks. An estimate for the time of basin initiation is given by a U-Pb (zircon) age of 18333 Ma, obtained from a basal volcanic flow at the western end of the basin, which is in agreement with a less precise 40Ar/39Ar (phlogopite) step-heating plateau age of 18378 Ma from a flow located at a similar stratigraphic level in the eastern Baker Lake Basin. 40Ar/39Ar analysis of phlogopite phenocrysts in a syenite that intrudes the lower part of the Baker Sequence yielded a plateau age of 181112 Ma. The syenite also intrudes sandstones containing detrital zircons with xenotime (YPO4) overgrowths, known to form during burial diagenesis. In situ U/Pb SHRIMP analysis of these overgrowths yields an upper intercept age of 183827 Ma, which is within analytical uncertainty of the ages obtained from the volcanic flows. Alluvial conglomerates near the top of the Baker Sequence contain discontinuous layers of laminar carbonate cements interpreted as geothermal travertine. Specific calcite layers within the travertine have very high 238U/204Pb values and yield a Pb-Pb isochron age of 17853 Ma, considered to represent aminimum age for deposition of the Baker Sequence. Our data suggest that the Baker Sequence was deposited over an interval of approximately 55 m.yr. (1840–1785 Ma), within error of the predicted periodicity of a second-order sequence. This interval coincides with collisional and postcollisional deformation and magmatism in the Trans- Hudson orogen and thus supports interpretations that the Baker Lake Basin formed in response to related far-field extension.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Programmes: BGS Programmes 2008 > NERC Isotope Geoscience Laboratory
ISSN: 0022-1376
Additional Keywords: Ar-Ar, U-Pb, Geochronolgy, Hudsonian Orogenesis, Nunavut, Canada
NORA Subject Terms: Earth Sciences
Date made live: 24 Jul 2009 16:24
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/7820

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