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Preparing a seismic hazard model for Switzerland : the view from PEGASOS expert group 3 (EG1c)

Musson, Roger M.W.; Sellami, Souad; Brustle, Wolfgang. 2009 Preparing a seismic hazard model for Switzerland : the view from PEGASOS expert group 3 (EG1c). Swiss Journal of Geosciences, 102 (1). 107-120. 10.1007/s00015-008-1301-1

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Abstract/Summary

The seismic hazard model used in the PEGASOS project for assessing earth-quake hazard at four NPP sites was a composite of four sub-models, each produced by a team of three experts. In this paper, one of these models is described in detail by the authors. A criticism sometimes levelled at probabilistic seismic hazard studies is that the process by which seismic source zones are arrived at is obscure, subjective and inconsistent. Here, we attempt to recount the stages by which the model evolved, and the decisions made along the way. In particular, a macro-to-micro approach was used, in which three main stages can be described. The first was the characterisation of the overall kinematic model, the “big picture” of regional seismogenesis. Secondly, this was refined to a more detailed seismotectonic model. Lastly, this was used as the basis of individual sources, for which parameters can be assessed. Some basic questions had also to be answered about aspects of the approach to modelling to be used: for instance, is spatial smoothing an appropriate tool to apply? Should individual fault sources be modelled in an intraplate environment? Also, the extent to which alternative modelling decisions should be expressed in a logic tree structure has to be considered.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1007/s00015-008-1301-1
Programmes: BGS Programmes 2009 > Earth hazards and systems
ISSN: 1661-8726
NORA Subject Terms: Earth Sciences
Date made live: 14 Jul 2009 12:30
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/7678

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