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Kinetic equation of linear fractional stable motion and applications to modeling the scaling of intermittent bursts

Watkins, Nicholas; Credgington, Daniel; Sanchez, Raul; Rosenberg, Samuel; Chapman, Sandra. 2009 Kinetic equation of linear fractional stable motion and applications to modeling the scaling of intermittent bursts. Physical Review E, 79, 041124. 9, pp. 10.1103/PhysRevE.79.041124

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Abstract/Summary

Lévy flights and fractional Brownian motion have become exemplars of the heavy-tailed jumps and longranged memory widely seen in physics. Natural time series frequently combine both effects, and linear fractional stable motion lfsm is a model process of this type, combining alpha-stable jumps with a memory kernel. In contrast complex physical spatiotemporal diffusion processes where both the above effects compete have for many years been modeled using the fully fractional kinetic equation for the continuous-time random walk CTRW, with power laws in the probability density functions of both jump size and waiting time. We derive the analogous kinetic equation for lfsm and show that it has a diffusion coefficient with a power law in time rather than having a fractional time derivative like the CTRW. We discuss some preliminary results on the scaling of burst “sizes” and “durations” in lfsm time series, with applications to modeling existing observations in space physics and elsewhere.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1103/PhysRevE.79.041124
Programmes: BAS Programmes > Global Science in the Antarctic Context (2005-2009) > Natural Complexity Programme
NORA Subject Terms: Physics
Mathematics
Space Sciences
Date made live: 11 Feb 2010 15:24
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/7608

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