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The Ordovician acritarch genus Coryphidium

Servais, Thomas; Li, Jun; Molyneux, Stewart G.; Vecoli, Marco. 2008 The Ordovician acritarch genus Coryphidium. Revue de Micropaleontologie, 51 (1). 97-120. 10.1016/j.revmic.2007.10.005

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Abstract/Summary

The acritarch genus Coryphidium Vavrdová, 1972 is one of the most frequently recorded acritarch taxa in the Ordovician. The original diagnoses, stratigraphical ranges and geographical distribution of all Coryphidium species are critically evaluated in a review of published literature supplemented by studies of material from the British Isles, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Germany, Spain, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and China, including sections from type areas. The taxonomic concept of the genus is here rationalized: the genus Coryphidium is emended and the informal category of coryphid acritarchs is introduced to include all morphotypes with the characteristic vesicle shape of the two genera Coryphidium and Vavrdovella Loeblich and Tappan, 1976. Nine of the previously described species can be attributed to the genus, and two other species possibly belong to it. The attribution to Coryphidium of the species C. sichuanense Wang and Chen, 1987 is rejected here. Intraspecific variability is very important and the attribution of Coryphidium specimens at the specific level is sometimes difficult. The genus is found in all palaeoenvironments from nearshore to offshore settings and apparently does not occupy specific palaeoecological niches. Coryphidium is very useful biostratigraphically and palaeobiogeographically. The review indicates that the genus first appears in the uppermost Tremadocian Araneograptus murrayi graptolite Biozone and is common through the upper Lower Ordovician and the Middle Ordovician, while Upper Ordovician occurrences might be the result of reworking. Palaeogeographically, Coryphidium is an indicator of the peri-Gondwanan acritarch “palaeoprovince” during the Early/Middle Ordovician.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.revmic.2007.10.005
Programmes: BGS Programmes 2008 > Geology and Landscape Wales
Additional Keywords: Ordovician, Acritarchs
NORA Subject Terms: Earth Sciences
Date made live: 25 Jun 2009 14:59
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/7574

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