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Review of monitoring issues and technologies associated with the long-term underground storage of carbon dioxide

Chadwick, R.A.; Arts, R.; Bentham, M.; Eiken, O.; Holloway, S.; Kirby, G.A.; Pearce, J.M.; Williamson, J.P.; Zweigel, P.. 2009 Review of monitoring issues and technologies associated with the long-term underground storage of carbon dioxide. In: Evans, D.J.; Chadwick, R.A., (eds.) Underground gas storage : worldwide experiences and future development in the UK and Europe. London, UK, Geological Society of London, 257-275. (Geological Society Special Publications, 313).

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Abstract/Summary

Large-scale underground storage of CO2 has the potential to play a key role in reducing global greenhouse gas emissions. Typical underground storage reservoirs would lie at depths of 1000 m or more and contain tens or even hundreds of millions of tonnes of CO2. A likely regulatory requirement is that storage sites would have to be monitored both to prove their efficacy in emissions reduction and to ensure site safety. A diverse portfolio of potential monitoring tools is available, some tried and tested in the oil industry, others as yet unproven. Shallow-focused techniques are likely to be deployed to demonstrate short-term site performance and, in the longer term, to ensure early warning of potential surface leakage. Deeper focused methods, notably time-lapse seismic, will be used to track CO2 migration in the subsurface, to assess reservoir performance and to calibrate/validate site performance simulation models. The duration of a monitoring programme is likely to be highly site specific, but conformance between predicted and observed site performance may form an acceptable basis for site closure.

Item Type: Publication - Book Section
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1144/SP313.15
Programmes: BGS Programmes 2009 > Energy
ISBN: 9781862392724
Additional Keywords: Geological storage, Carbon dioxide, Carbon sequestration
NORA Subject Terms: Earth Sciences
Date made live: 22 Jun 2009 13:02
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/7533

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