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Patterns in the distribution of myctophid fish in the northern Scotia Sea ecosystem

Collins, M A; Xavier, J C C; Johnston, N M; North, A W; Enderlein, P; Tarling, G A; Waluda, C M; Hawker, E J; Cunningham, N J. 2008 Patterns in the distribution of myctophid fish in the northern Scotia Sea ecosystem. Polar Biology, 31. 837-851.

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Abstract/Summary

The mesopelagic fish community of the northern Scotia Sea was investigated during the austral autumn using multi-frequency acoustics, opening and closing nets and pelagic trawls fished from the surface to 1,000 m. The Family Myctophidae (15 species in 5 genera) dominated the ichthyofauna, with larval notothenids caught over the South Georgia shelf and bathylagids and stomiids abundant in deeper hauls. The biomass of myctophids was estimated to be 2.93 g wet weight 1,000 m-3, with Electrona carlsbergi, E. antarctica, Protomyctophum bolini, P. choriodon, Gymnoscopelus braueri, G. fraseri, G. nicholsi and Krefftichthys anderssoni, being the most abundant species. Analysis of community structure indicated a high level of depth stratification within the myctophids, with evidence of diurnal vertical migration in some, but not all, species. Length-frequencies of G. braueri, G. nicholsi, E. antarctica and K. anderssoni were multimodal, suggesting that all life stages may be present in the northern Scotia Sea. In contrast, P. choriodon, P. bolini, G. fraseri and E. carlsbergi had unimodal distributions despite having multi-year lifecycles, indicating that they probably migrate into the region from warmer areas to the north.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Programmes: BAS Programmes > Global Science in the Antarctic Context (2005-2009) > DISCOVERY 2010 - Integrating Southern Ocean Ecosystems into the Earth System
ISSN: 0722-4060
Additional Keywords: Electrona Krefftichthys Protomyctophum Gymnoscopelus Vertical migration South Georgia
NORA Subject Terms: Marine Sciences
Zoology
Biology and Microbiology
Ecology and Environment
Date made live: 11 Feb 2010 17:51
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/7108

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