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How well do we understand the impacts of alien species on ecosystem services? A pan-European, cross-taxa assessment

Vila, Montserrat; Basnou, Corina; Pysek, Petr; Josefsson, Melanie; Genovesi, Piero; Gollasch, Stephan; Nentwig, Wolfgang; Olenin, Sergej; Roques, Alain; Roy, David; Hulme, Phillip E.. 2010 How well do we understand the impacts of alien species on ecosystem services? A pan-European, cross-taxa assessment. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 8 (3). 135-144. 10.1890/080083

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Abstract/Summary

Recent comprehensive data provided through the DAISIE project (www.europe-aliens.org) have facilitated the development of the first pan-European assessment of the impacts of alien plants, vertebrates, and invertebrates – in terrestrial, freshwater, and marine environments – on ecosystem services. There are 1094 species with documented ecological impacts and 1347 with economic impacts. The two taxonomic groups with the most species causing impacts are terrestrial invertebrates and terrestrial plants. The North Sea is the maritime region that suffers the most impacts. Across taxa and regions, ecological and economic impacts are highly correlated. Terrestrial invertebrates create greater economic impacts than ecological impacts, while the reverse is true for terrestrial plants. Alien species from all taxonomic groups affect “supporting”, “provisioning”, “regulating”, and “cultural” services and interfere with human well-being. Terrestrial vertebrates are responsible for the greatest range of impacts, and these are widely distributed across Europe. Here, we present a review of the financial costs, as the first step toward calculating an estimate of the economic consequences of alien species in Europe.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1890/080083
Programmes: CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Biodiversity > BD02 An Integrated Framework for the Sustainable Management of Biological Introductions - Alien Species and Emerging Diseases > BD02.3 Drivers, impacts and management of invasions
CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 - 2012 > Biodiversity
CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Biodiversity > BD02 An Integrated Framework for the Sustainable Management of Biological Introductions - Alien Species and Emerging Diseases > BD02.2 Species and ecosystem vulnerability to invasions
CEH Sections: Pywell
ISSN: 1540-9295
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Related URLs:
Date made live: 22 Jun 2010 09:49
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/6993

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