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Comparison of mid-Pliocene climate predictions from the HadAM3 and GCMAM3 General Circulation Models

Haywood, Alan M.; Chandler, Mark A.; Valdes, Paul J.; Salzmann, Ulrich; Lunt, Daniel J.; Dowsett, Harry J.. 2009 Comparison of mid-Pliocene climate predictions from the HadAM3 and GCMAM3 General Circulation Models. Global and Planetary Change, 66 (3-4). 208-224. 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2008.12.014

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Abstract/Summary

The mid-Pliocene warm period (ca. 3 to 3.3 million years ago) has become an important interval of time for palaeoclimate modelling exercises, with a large number of studies published during the last decade. However, there has been no attempt to assess the degree of model dependency of the results obtained. Here we present an initial comparison of mid-Pliocene climatologies produced by the Goddard Institute for Space Studies and Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research atmosphere-only General Circulation Models (GCMAM3 and HadAM3). Whilst both models are consistent in the simulation of broad-scale differences inmid-Pliocene surface air temperature and total precipitation rates, significant variation is noted on regional and local scales. There are also significant differences in the model predictions of total cloud cover. A terrestrial data/model comparison, facilitated by the BIOME 4 model and a new data set of Piacenzian Stage land cover [Salzmann, U., Haywood, A.M., Lunt, D.J., Valdes, P.J., Hill, D.J., (2008). A new global biome reconstruction and data model comparison for the Middle Pliocene. Global Ecology and Biogeography 17, 432-447, doi:10.1111/j.1466- 8238.2007.00381.x] and combined with the use of Kappa statistics, indicates that HadAM3-based biome predictions provide a closer fit to proxy data in the mid to high-latitudes. However, GCMAM3-based biomes in the tropics provide the closest fit to proxy data.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2008.12.014
Programmes: BAS Programmes > Global Science in the Antarctic Context (2005-2009) > Greenhouse to Icehouse. Evolution of the Antarctic Cryosphere and Palaeoenvironment
ISSN: 0921-8181
Additional Keywords: Pliocene, GCM, intercomparison, BIOME 4, PMIP, Plio-MIP
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Earth Sciences
Date made live: 06 Apr 2009 13:50
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/6911

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