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Measurements of ozone deposition to a potato canopy

Coyle, Mhairi; Nemitz, Eiko; Storeton-West, Robert; Fowler, David; Cape, J. Neil. 2009 Measurements of ozone deposition to a potato canopy. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 149 (3-4). 655-666. 10.1016/j.agrformet.2008.10.020

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Abstract/Summary

Potatoes are an important staple crop, grown in many parts of the world. Although ozone deposition to many vegetation types has been measured in the field, no data have been reported for potatoes. Such measurements, including the latent-heat flux, were made over a fully grown potato field in central Scotland during the summer of 2006, covering a 4-week period just after rainfall and then dry, sunny weather. The magnitude of the flux was typical of many canopies showing the expected diurnal cycles. Although the bulk-canopy stomatal conductance declined as the field dried out (~300 mmol-O3 m-2 s-1 to ~70 mmol-O3 m-2 s-1), the total ozone flux did not follow the same trend, indicating that non-stomatal deposition was significant. Over a dry surface non-stomatal resistance (Rns) was 270-450 s m-1, while over a wet surface Rns was ~50% smaller and both decreased with increasing surface temperature and friction velocity. From the variation with relative humidity (RH) it is suggested that three processes occur on leaf surfaces: on a very dry surface ozone is removed by thermal decomposition, possibly enhanced by photolytic reactions in the daytime and so Rns decreases as temperature increases; at 50-70% RH a thin film of liquid blocks the "dry" process and resistance increases; above 60-70% RH sufficient surface water is present for aqueous reactions to remove ozone and resistance decreases.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.agrformet.2008.10.020
Programmes: CEH Topics & Objectives 2009 - 2012 > Biogeochemistry > BGC Topic 2 - Biogeochemistry and Climate System Processes
CEH Sections: Billett (to November 2013)
ISSN: 0168-1923
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: The definitive version of this paper is available from www.elsevier.com
Additional Keywords: Eddy-correlation, Surface conductance, Ozone critical levels, AOT40, AFst6, Stomatal uptake, Non-stomatal, Dry deposition
NORA Subject Terms: Meteorology and Climatology
Agriculture and Soil Science
Ecology and Environment
Atmospheric Sciences
Date made live: 01 Jun 2009 11:00
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/6901

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