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An extended critical review of twenty years of countermeasures used in agriculture after the Chernobyl accident.

Fesenko, Sergey V.; Alexakhin, Rudolf M.; Balonov, Mikhail I.; Bogdevich, Iossif M.; Howard, Brenda J.; Kashparov, Valery A.; Sanzharova, Natalia I.; Panov, Alexey V.; Voigt, Gabriele; Zhuchenka, Yury. 2007 An extended critical review of twenty years of countermeasures used in agriculture after the Chernobyl accident. Science of The Total Environment, 383 (1-3). 1-24. 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2007.05.011

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Abstract/Summary

A wide range of different countermeasures has been used to mitigate the consequences of the Chernobyl accident for agriculture in affected regions in Belarus, Russia and Ukraine. The paper comprehensively brings together key data on countermeasure application over twenty years for all three countries and critically evaluates the response to the accident with respect to agriculture. The extents of countermeasures implementation in various periods following the ChNPP accident are documented. Examples of best practices and drawbacks in remediation of affected areas are identified. Data on the effectiveness of agricultural countermeasures have been evaluated and the impact of countermeasures implementation to mitigate consequences of the accident has been assessed for the period 1986–2006. Implementation of agricultural countermeasures averted 30–40% of the internal collective dose that would have been received by the residents of affected regions without the use of countermeasures. The current situation in agriculture of areas subjected to contamination following the Chernobyl accident is described. Current and future needs for remediation, including a consideration of various strategies of rehabilitation of affected areas are presented.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2007.05.011
Programmes: CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Biogeochemistry > SE01B Sustainable Monitoring, Risk Assessment and Management of Chemicals
CEH Sections: Shore
Format Availability: Electronic, Print
Additional Keywords: Chernobyl NPP, Agriculture, Consequences, Countermeasures, radioecology
NORA Subject Terms: Agriculture and Soil Science
Ecology and Environment
Date made live: 16 Jul 2007 13:42
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/610

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