Evaporation of intercepted rainfall from isolated evergreen oak trees: Do the crowns behave as wet bulbs?
Pereira, F.L.; Gash, J.H.C.; David, J.S.; Valente, F.. 2009 Evaporation of intercepted rainfall from isolated evergreen oak trees: Do the crowns behave as wet bulbs? Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 149 (3-4). 667-679. 10.1016/j.agrformet.2008.10.013Full text not available from this repository.
A new approach is suggested for estimating evaporation of intercepted rainfall from single trees in sparse forests. It is shown that, theoretically, the surface temperature of a wet tree crown will depend on the available energy and windspeed. But for a fully saturated canopy under rainy conditions, surface temperature will approach the wet bulb temperature when available energy tends to zero. This was confirmed experimentally from measurements of the radiation balance, aerodynamic conductance for water vapour and surface temperature on an isolated tree crown. Net radiation over a virtual cylindrical surface, enclosing the tree crown, was monitored by a set of radiometers positioned around that surface. Aerodynamic conductance for the tree crown was derived by scaling up measurements of leaf boundary layer conductance using the heated leaf replica method. Thermocouples were used to measure the average leaf surface temperature. Results showed that a fully wet single tree crown behaves like a wet bulb, allowing evaporation of intercepted rainfall to be estimated by a simple diffusion equation for water vapour, which is not restricted by the assumptions of one-dimensional transfer models usually used at the stand scale. Using this approach, mean evaporation rate from wet, saturated tree crowns was 0.27 or 0.30 mm h−1, when surface temperature was taken equal to the air wet bulb temperature or estimated accounting for the available energy, respectively.
|Item Type:||Publication - Article|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.agrformet.2008.10.013|
|Programmes:||CEH Programmes pre-2009 publications > Biogeochemistry|
|CEH Sections:||Harding (to 31.07.11)|
|Additional Keywords:||Evaporation, Rainfall interception, Isolated trees, Quercus ilex, Wet bulb temperature, Surface temperature|
|NORA Subject Terms:||Ecology and Environment
|Date made live:||07 May 2009 09:37|
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