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Isotope offsets in marine diatom [delta]18O over the last 200 ka

Swann, George E.A.; Leng, Melanie J.; Sloane, Hilary J.; Maslin, Mark A.. 2008 Isotope offsets in marine diatom [delta]18O over the last 200 ka. Journal of Quaternary Science, 23 (4). 389-400. 10.1002/jqs.1185

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Abstract/Summary

Previous work has suggested that a species effect may be present in diatom oxygen isotope ratios (18Odiatom). While predominantly attributed to be a size-related species effect, currently the precise mechanism remains unknown. Here, two size fractions of diatoms (38-75 µm and >100 µm) covering the last 200 ka are analysed for 18O from ODP Site 882 in the North-West Pacific Ocean. Synchronous variations of up to 13 occur in both size fractions. However, large isotope offsets (mean = 2.02) exist between the two fractions with no relationship between their magnitude and the overlying palaeoenvironmental conditions. In contrast to earlier work from the same site, no one size fraction is constantly higher or lower in 18O relative to the other. As such, the dominant mechanism is most likely separate to the size effect previously detected. In addition, no relationship exists between the magnitude of the offsets and the species composition of the two size fractions. The presence of these isotope offsets imposes significant constraints upon the future use of 18Odiatom in palaeoceanographic reconstructions and reiterates the need to extract and analyse only species- and size-specific diatom samples.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1002/jqs.1185
Programmes: BGS Programmes 2008 > NERC Isotope Geoscience Laboratory
ISSN: 0267-8179
Additional Keywords: North Pacific Ocean, Opal, Isotope analysis
NORA Subject Terms: Earth Sciences
Date made live: 08 Jan 2009 09:43
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/5455

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