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Urban geochemistry : research strategies to assist risk assessment and remediation of brownfield sites in urban areas

Thornton, Iain; Farago, Margaret E.; Thums, Catherine R.; Parrish, Randall R; McGill, Rona A.R.; Breward, Neil; Fortey, Neil; Simpson, Peter R.; Young, S.D.; Tye, Andrew; Crout, Neil M.J.; Hough, R.L.; Watt, J.. 2008 Urban geochemistry : research strategies to assist risk assessment and remediation of brownfield sites in urban areas. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 30 (6). 565-576. 10.1007/s10653-008-9182-9

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Abstract/Summary

Urban geochemical maps of Wolverhampton and Nottingham, based on multielement analysis of surface soils, have shown distribution patterns of “total” metals concentrations relating to past and present industrial and domestic land use and transport systems. Several methods have been used to estimate the solubility and potential bioavailability of metals, their mineral forms and potential risks to urban population groups. These include sequential chemical extraction, soil pore water extraction and analysis, mineralogical analysis by scanning electron microscopy, source apportionment by lead isotope analysis and the development of models to predict metal uptake by homegrown vegetables to provide an estimate of risk from metal consumption and exposure. The results from these research strategies have been integrated with a geographical information system (GIS) to provide data for future land-use planning.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1007/s10653-008-9182-9
Programmes: BGS Programmes 2008 > NERC Isotope Geoscience Laboratory
ISSN: 0269-4042
Additional Keywords: Urban areas, Geochemical maps, Geochemistry, Nottinghamshire, West Midlands Region
NORA Subject Terms: Earth Sciences
Date made live: 23 Dec 2008 09:58
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/5323

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