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Long term geomagnetically induced current observations from New Zealand: peak current estimates for extreme geomagnetic storms

Rodger, Craig J.; Mac Manus, Daniel H.; Dalzell, Michael; Thomson, Alan W.P.; Clarke, Ellen; Petersen, Tanja; Clilverd, Mark A.; Divett, Tim. 2017 Long term geomagnetically induced current observations from New Zealand: peak current estimates for extreme geomagnetic storms. Space Weather. 10.1002/2017SW001691

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Abstract/Summary

Geomagnetically Induced Current (GIC) observations made in New Zealand over 14 years show induction effects associated with a rapidly varying horizontal magnetic field (dBH/dt) during geomagnetic storms. This study analyses the GIC observations in order to estimate the impact of extreme storms as a hazard to the power system in New Zealand. Analysis is undertaken of GIC in transformer number six in Islington, Christchurch (ISL M6), which had the highest observed currents during the 6 November 2001 storm. Using previously published values of 3000 nT/min as a representation of an extreme storm with 100 year return period, induced currents of ~455 A were estimated for Islington (with the 95% confidence interval range being ~155-605 A). For 200 year return periods using 5000 nT/min, current estimates reach ~755 A (confidence interval range 155-910 A). GIC measurements from the much shorter dataset collected at transformer number 4 in Halfway Bush, Dunedin, (HWB T4), found induced currents to be consistently a factor of three higher than at Islington, suggesting equivalent extreme storm effects of ~460-1815 A (100 year return) and ~460-2720 A (200 year return). An estimate was undertaken of likely failure levels for single phase transformers, such as HWB T4 when it failed during the 6 November 2001 geomagnetic storm, identifying that induced currents of ~100 A can put such transformer types at risk of damage. Detailed modeling of the New Zealand power system is therefore required put this regional analysis into a global context.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1002/2017SW001691
ISSN: 15427390
Date made live: 31 Oct 2017 10:37 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/518170

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