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The stoichiometric dissociation constants of carbonic acid in seawater brines from 298 to 267 K

Papadimitriou, Stathys; Loucaides, Socratis; Rérolle, Victoire M.C.; Kennedy, Paul; Achterberg, Eric P.; Dickson, Andrew G.; Mowlem, Matthew; Kennedy, Hilary. 2018 The stoichiometric dissociation constants of carbonic acid in seawater brines from 298 to 267 K. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 220. 55-70. 10.1016/j.gca.2017.09.037

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Abstract/Summary

The stoichiometric dissociation constants of carbonic acid (K1C∗ and K2C∗) were determined by measurement of all four measurable parameters of the carbonate system (total alkalinity, total dissolved inorganic carbon, pH on the total proton scale, and CO2 fugacity) in natural seawater and seawater-derived brines, with a major ion composition equivalent to that of Reference Seawater, to practical salinity (SP) 100 and from 25 °C to the freezing point of these solutions and −6 °C temperature minimum. These values, reported in the total proton scale, provide the first such determinations at below-zero temperatures and for SP > 50. The temperature (T, in Kelvin) and SP dependence of the current pK1C∗ and pK2C∗ (as negative common logarithms) within the salinity and temperature ranges of this study (33 ≤ SP ≤ 100, −6 °C ≤ t ≤ 25 °C) is described by the following best-fit equations: pK1C∗ = −176.48 + 6.14528 SP0.5 − 0.127714 SP + 7.396 × 10−5 SP2 + (9914.37 − 622.886 SP0.5 + 29.714 SP) T−1 + (26.05129 − 0.666812 SP0.5 ) lnT (σ = 0.011, n = 62), and pK2C∗ = −323.52692 + 27.557655 SP0.5 + 0.154922 SP − 2.48396 × 10−4 SP2 + (14763.287 − 1014.819 SP0.5 − 14.35223 SP) T−1 + (50.385807 − 4.4630415 SP0.5 ) lnT (σ = 0.020, n = 62). These functions are suitable for application to investigations of the carbonate system of internal sea ice brines with a conservative major ion composition relative to that of Reference Seawater and within the temperature and salinity ranges of this study.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.gca.2017.09.037
ISSN: 00167037
Date made live: 31 Oct 2017 09:50 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/518168

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