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Bulk deposition of organic and inorganic nitrogen in southwest China from 2008 to 2013

Song, Ling; Kuang, Fuhong; Skiba, Ute; Zhu, Bo; Liu, Xuejun; Levy, Peter; Dore, Anthony; Fowler, David. 2017 Bulk deposition of organic and inorganic nitrogen in southwest China from 2008 to 2013. Environmental Pollution, 227. 157-166. 10.1016/j.envpol.2017.04.031

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Abstract/Summary

China is regarded as one of the nitrogen deposition hotspots in the world. Measurements to-date have focused mainly on the North China Plain, ignoring the fact that atmospheric chemical and physical properties vary across the country and that there may be other hotspots regions that should be investigated. For this reason we have conducted a six year study, measuring the bulk deposition of reduced (NH4-N), oxidized (NO3-N), and dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) at three contrasting sites in the Sichuan province, southwest China. The study sites were a high altitude forest in the Gongga Mountains (GG), an agriculture dominated region in Yanting (YT) and an urban site in the mega city Chengdu (CD). The annual average bulk deposition fluxes of total dissolved nitrogen (TDN) were 7.4, 23.1 and 36.6 kg N ha−1 yr−1 at GG, YT and CD sites, respectively, during the study period 2008 to 2013. The contributions of NH4-N, NO3-N and DON to the TDN were in the range of 48.4–57.8%, 28.8–43.7%, and 8.0–15.6%, respectively. DON bulk deposition was mainly dominated by agricultural activities. TDN bulk deposition fluxes showed increasing trends at the agricultural and urban sites from 2008 to 2013, but there was little change at the remote forest (GG) site. While reduced N dominated bulk N deposition at all the three sites, its contribution showed a decreasing trend, suggesting a gradual increase in the importance of oxidized N. These results reveal the value of long term monitoring in detecting changes in the atmospheric chemical composition of this rapidly changing region, and their inclusion in the policy debate regarding which sources should be controlled in order to reduce the long term impacts of N deposition, especially for southwest China, where there are few measurements of N deposition.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.envpol.2017.04.031
CEH Sections: Dise
ISSN: 0269-7491
Additional Keywords: ammonium, nitrate, dissolved organic nitrogen, land use type, interannual variability
NORA Subject Terms: Agriculture and Soil Science
Atmospheric Sciences
Date made live: 29 Sep 2017 11:19 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/517960

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