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Identification of the Askja-S Tephra in a rare turlough record from Pant-y-Llyn, south Wales

Jones, Gwydion; Davies, Siwan M.; Farr, Gareth John; Bevan, Jamie. 2017 Identification of the Askja-S Tephra in a rare turlough record from Pant-y-Llyn, south Wales. Proceedings of the Geologists' Association, 128 (4). 523-530. 10.1016/j.pgeola.2017.05.010

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Abstract/Summary

Tephrochronology and especially crypto-tephrochronology is an established chronological technique employed in a range of depositional environments in Europe and beyond. During the late Quaternary, Icelandic cryptotephra deposits are widely found in palaeorecords across northern latitudes of Europe e.g. Scotland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden and the Faroe Islands but are sporadic in southerly latitudes as distance from Iceland increases. As yet, very few Icelandic cryptotephras have been identified in Wales or southern England which may well reflect the geographical limit of Icelandic tephra distribution. Here, however, we report the discovery of an Icelandic cryptotephra deposit within a sediment sequence retrieved from the Pant-y-Llyn turlough (Carmarthenshire, south Wales), the only known turlough in Britain. Turloughs are groundwater-fed ephemeral lakes associated with limestone bedrock and can accumulate sediments that may yield records suitable for palaeoreconstructions. A discrete peak of glass shards originating from the Askja-S eruption is identified in the sediment record. This discovery extends the distribution of this early Holocene eruption giving new insight into its dispersal patterns and also indicates that sedimentary sequences from sites in these more southerly latitudes are valuable repositories for ash preservation. Furthermore, its discovery within a carbonate-rich sequence provides a minimum age constraint on the timing of sediment accumulation and provides an alternative tool for what is typically a problematic dating environment.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.pgeola.2017.05.010
ISSN: 00167878
Additional Keywords: GroiundwaterBGS, Groundwater, Surface water interaction
Date made live: 11 Sep 2017 10:36 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/517758

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