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Projection in snowfall characteristics over the European Alps and its sensitivity to the SST changes: results from a 50 km resolution AGCM

Freychet, N.; Hsu, H.-H.; Duchez, A.; Tu, C.-Y.. 2017 Projection in snowfall characteristics over the European Alps and its sensitivity to the SST changes: results from a 50 km resolution AGCM. Atmospheric Science Letters, 18 (6). 261-267. 10.1002/asl.751

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Abstract/Summary

The end-of-century projection of the snowfall characteristics over the Alps region is studied using the 50-km resolution atmospheric global climate model, HiRAM (high-resolution atmospheric model). The model is forced by three different patterns of projections in the sea surface temperature (SST) in order to assess the sensitivity of snowfall characteristics to theses patterns. It is found that the mean snowfall intensity and frequency is poorly affected by the differences in SST forcing. However, the projections of heavy snowfall events strongly depend on the SST scenario. The changes in temperature and frequency of precipitation and freezing days over the Alps were investigated. We found that these variables did not exhibit a clear dependence to the SST scenario and could not explain the differences observed in snowfall projections. Changes in the moisture transport from the Atlantic Ocean to Europe were found significantly different between each scenario and are assumed to be the main factor affecting the projections of snowfalls, by providing more or less moisture supply.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1002/asl.751
ISSN: 1530261X
Additional Keywords: snow; climate projection; high-resolution atmospheric model; sea surface temperature; HiRAM
Date made live: 22 Aug 2017 15:36 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/517657

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