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Regulation of the Calvin–Benson–Bassham cycle in the enigmatic diatoms: biochemical and evolutionary variations on an original theme

Jensen, Erik; Clement, Romain; Maberly, Stephen C.; Gontero, Brigitte. 2017 Regulation of the Calvin–Benson–Bassham cycle in the enigmatic diatoms: biochemical and evolutionary variations on an original theme [in special issue: The peculiar carbon metabolism in diatoms] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 372 (1728), 20160401. 9, pp. 10.1098/rstb.2016.0401

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Abstract/Summary

In Plantae, the Calvin–Benson–Bassham (CBB) cycle is highly regulated and most of its enzymes have been thoroughly studied. Since diatoms arose as a result of secondary endosymbiosis with one or more Plantae ancestors, their precise evolutionary history is enigmatic and complex resulting in biochemical variations on the original CBB cycle theme. The Rubisco Michaelis constant for CO2 is higher in diatoms than land plants and the nuclearencoded Rubisco activase in Plantae is replaced by an analogous chloroplast-encoded CbbX (Calvin–Benson–Bassham protein X) in diatoms. In the CBB cycle reduction phase, phosphoglycerate kinase in diatoms is redox-regulated and similar to that in red algae; however, glyceraldehyde phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) is not redox-regulated, unlike in Plantae. The phosphoribulokinase (PRK)-GAPDH-CP12 complex found in many photosynthetic organisms has not yet been found in diatoms, but a ferredoxin-NADP reductase (FNR)-GAPDH-CP12 complex has been found in one species. In the CBB cycle regeneration phase, sedoheptulose 1,7-bisphosphatase and PRK are not redox-regulated in diatoms, unlike in Plantae. Regulation at the transcriptional level seems to be important in diatoms. CBB cycle enzyme properties appear to be variable among diatoms, but this view relies on results from a few model species: a greater range of diatoms need to be studied to test this.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1098/rstb.2016.0401
CEH Sections: Parr
ISSN: 0962-8436
Additional Keywords: GAPDH, PGK, PRK, redox-regulation, Rubisco
NORA Subject Terms: Biology and Microbiology
Botany
Date made live: 15 Aug 2017 10:28 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/517573

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