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Role of humic acid in the stability of Ag nanoparticles in suboxic conditions

Milne, Christopher J.; Lapworth, Dan J.; Gooddy, Daren C.; Elgy, Christine N.; Valsami-Jones, Éugenia. 2017 Role of humic acid in the stability of Ag nanoparticles in suboxic conditions. Environmental Science & Technology, 51 (11). 6063-6070. 10.1021/acs.est.6b06054

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Abstract/Summary

Stability and temporal changes in size distributions have been observed for citrate- (cit) and polyvinylpyrrolidone- (PVP) capped silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), in the presence or absence of sulfide and natural organic matter (NOM, as humic acid), while under suboxic conditions. There were substantial differences in the influence of the two capping agents, with PVP–AgNPs showing few or no significant changes in apparent stability or particle size distribution under the conditions examined, while the apparent size distributions of citrate-capped AgNPs changed rapidly. Sulfide and humic acid each individually caused immediate increases in cit–AgNP size distributions, which were then relatively stable over 60–145 days. This may be due to sulfide bridging and cation bridging, respectively. However, in competition, it was the influence of the humic acid that dominated that of the sulfide. These observations have implications for environmental fate and toxicity of AgNP. The increased stability in the presence of even low concentrations of NOM may limit the rapidity of Ag dispersal but may also concentrate the dose received by organisms, which subsequently ingest the stabilized particles.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1021/acs.est.6b06054
ISSN: 0013-936X
Date made live: 12 Jun 2017 13:22 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/517140

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