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Climate change mitigation: potential benefits and pitfalls of enhanced rock weathering in tropical agriculture

Edwards, David P.; Lim, Felix; James, Rachael H.; Pearce, Christopher R.; Scholes, Julie; Freckleton, Robert P.; Beerling, David J.. 2017 Climate change mitigation: potential benefits and pitfalls of enhanced rock weathering in tropical agriculture. Biology Letters, 13 (4). 20160715. 10.1098/rsbl.2016.0715

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© 2017 The Royal Society This document is the author’s final manuscript version of the journal article following the peer review process. Some differences between this and the publisher’s version may remain. You are advised to consult the publisher’s version if you wish to cite from this article. http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org
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Abstract/Summary

Restricting future global temperature increase to 2°C or less requires the adoption of Negative Emissions Technologies for carbon capture and storage. We review the potential for deployment of enhanced weathering (EW), via the application of crushed reactive silicate rocks (such as basalt), on over 680 million hectares of tropical agricultural and tree plantations to offset fossil fuel CO2 emissions. Warm tropical climates and productive crops will substantially enhance weathering rates, with potential co-benefits including decreased soil acidification and increased phosphorus-supply promoting higher crop yields sparing forest for conservation, and reduced cultural eutrophication. Potential pitfalls include the impacts of mining operations on deforestation, producing the energy to crush and transport silicates, and the erosion of silicates into rivers and coral reefs that increase inorganic turbidity, sedimentation, and pH with unknown impacts for biodiversity. We identify nine priority research areas for untapping the potential of EW in the tropics, including effectiveness of tropical agriculture at EW for major crops in relation to particle sizes and soil types, impacts on human health, and effects on farmland, adjacent forest, and stream-water biodiversity.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1098/rsbl.2016.0715
ISSN: 1744-9561
Date made live: 11 Apr 2017 15:40 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/516834

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