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Measurement of the 13C isotopic signature of methane emissions from northern European wetlands

Fisher, Rebecca E.; France, James L.; Lowry, David; Lanoisellé, Mathias; Brownlow, Rebecca; Pyle, John A.; Cain, Michelle; Warwick, Nicola; Skiba, Ute M.; Drewer, Julia; Dinsmore, Kerry J.; Leeson, Sarah R.; Bauguitte, Stéphane J.-B.; Wellpott, Axel; O'Shea, Sebastian J.; Allen, Grant; Gallagher, Martin W.; Pitt, Joseph; Percival, Carl J.; Bower, Keith; George, Charles; Hayman, Garry D.; Aalto, Tuula; Lohila, Annalea; Aurela, Mika; Laurila, Tuomas; Crill, Patrick M.; McCalley, Carmody K.; Nisbet, Euan G.. 2017 Measurement of the 13C isotopic signature of methane emissions from northern European wetlands. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 31 (3). 605-623. 10.1002/2016GB005504

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Abstract/Summary

Isotopic data provide powerful constraints on regional and global methane emissions and their source profiles. However, inverse modeling of spatially resolved methane flux is currently constrained by a lack of information on the variability of source isotopic signatures. In this study, isotopic signatures of emissions in the Fennoscandian Arctic have been determined in chambers over wetland, in the air 0.3 to 3 m above the wetland surface and by aircraft sampling from 100 m above wetlands up to the stratosphere. Overall, the methane flux to atmosphere has a coherent δ13C isotopic signature of −71 ± 1‰, measured in situ on the ground in wetlands. This is in close agreement with δ13C isotopic signatures of local and regional methane increments measured by aircraft campaigns flying through air masses containing elevated methane mole fractions. In contrast, results from wetlands in Canadian boreal forest farther south gave isotopic signatures of −67 ± 1‰. Wetland emissions dominate the local methane source measured over the European Arctic in summer. Chamber measurements demonstrate a highly variable methane flux and isotopic signature, but the results from air sampling within wetland areas show that emissions mix rapidly immediately above the wetland surface and methane emissions reaching the wider atmosphere do indeed have strongly coherent C isotope signatures. The study suggests that for boreal wetlands (>60°N) global and regional modeling can use an isotopic signature of −71‰ to apportion sources more accurately, but there is much need for further measurements over other wetlands regions to verify this.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1002/2016GB005504
CEH Sections: Dise
Reynard
ISSN: 0886-6236
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: Open Access paper - full text available via Official URL link.
Additional Keywords: methane, wetland, isotopes
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Atmospheric Sciences
Date made live: 05 Apr 2017 11:49 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/516799

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