nerc.ac.uk

Pelagic larval development in the brooding Antarctic brachiopod Liothyrella uva

Peck, L.S.; Robinson, K.. 1994 Pelagic larval development in the brooding Antarctic brachiopod Liothyrella uva. Marine Biology, 120 (2). 279-286. 10.1007/BF00349689

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

Abstract/Summary

Larvae of the Antarctic brachiopod Liothyrella uva (Broderip, 1833) were released by brooding females between 10 and 15 January 1992. They were collected and cultured for the ensuing 45 d. At release they were at the gastrula stage, and were recognisable as the usual brachiopod three-lobed larva from around 18 d after release. At ≃22 d post-release, larvae began to congregate under shell fragments placed in culture vessels as potential settlement substrata. However, the larvae showed no signs of settlement which, combined with the absence of many of the attributes of mature larvae seen in previous studies, was taken as evidence that these larvae had not reached fully competent stages. Previous work had shown that L. uva spawns in October, indicating that the developmental period lasts for a minimum of between 115 and 160 d. The release and subsequent development of larvae also shows that what was previously thought to be a brooding species combines a long brooding period with a free-swimming phase. If this is true of other brachiopod species, then there may need to be a recategorization of some species from brooding to combined brooding and free-swimming developmental types. Even though the development period in L. uva was likely to have been underestimated because a fully competent stage was not reached, a comparison with development rates for temperate species indicated a slowing of between 8 and 70 times. This dramatic slowing of development rate in brachiopods now joins similar data previously reported for echinoderms and nemerteans, suggesting that this is a very widespred, perhaps universal, attribute of Antarctic marine invertebrates.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1007/BF00349689
Programmes: BAS Programmes > Pre 2000 programme
ISSN: 0025-3162
Date made live: 29 Mar 2017 10:35 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/516704

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...