nerc.ac.uk

Mitigation of diffuse water pollution from agriculture in England and China, and the scope for policy transfer

Smith, Laurence; Inman, Alex; Lai, Xin; Zhang, Haifang; Fanqiao, Meng; Jianbin, Zhou; Burke, Sean; Rahn, Clive; Siciliano, Giusippina; Haygarth, Philip M.; Bellarby, Jessica; Surridge, Ben. 2017 Mitigation of diffuse water pollution from agriculture in England and China, and the scope for policy transfer. Land Use Policy, 61. 208-219. 10.1016/j.landusepol.2016.09.028

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

Abstract/Summary

This paper evaluates the existing policy frameworks for mitigation of diffuse water pollution from agriculture (DWPA) in England and China. With reference to a conceptual model of the process of policy transfer or international lesson drawing, and possible constraints to this, it assesses whether and how China can draw lessons to improve current policy from the supra-national and national provisions of the EU and a member state that by 2016 had comprehensively implemented EU agricultural and environmental policy. DWPA is first analysed as a public policy challenge to inform specification of a generic framework for its mitigation. The current policy frameworks for mitigation of DWPA in England and China are evaluated, and their potential for improvement is assessed. A number of barriers to lesson drawing for regulation, incentive payments schemes and advice provision are diagnosed. These barriers are potentially least in relation to advice provision and its use to promote voluntary action by farmers. Given its structure and capabilities the public agricultural extension system in China is also recognised as a key resource. A focus on three policy approaches to mitigate DWPA in China is recommended: i) targeted regulation to a ‘reference level’ of large intensive livestock, and ultimately other large commercial farms; ii) strategic use of incentive payment schemes to protect water resources from DWPA; and iii) re-orientation of the ethos and modalities of operation of the extension system, informed by international lesson drawing, with the aim of rebalancing farm productivity and environmental protection.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.landusepol.2016.09.028
ISSN: 02648377
Date made live: 21 Mar 2017 14:39 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/516587

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...