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The Quaternary geology of the North Sea basin

Phillips, Emrys; Hodgson, David M.; Emery, Andy R.. 2017 The Quaternary geology of the North Sea basin. Journal of Quaternary Science, 32 (2). 117-126. 10.1002/jqs.2932

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Abstract/Summary

The North Sea is a shallow (∼50–400 m deep), ∼500-km-wide marine embayment that separates the UK from Scandinavia and northern Europe (Fig. 1). This epicontinental shelf area has had a long and complex geological history with its present-day structural configuration largely being the result of rifting during the Jurassic–Early Cretaceous, followed by thermal subsidence (Glennie and Underhill, 1998; Zanella and Coward, 2003). Since the middle Cenozoic, the Central Graben region of the North Sea basin has accumulated up to 3000 m of Oligocene to Holocene sediments, which locally includes more than 800 m of Quaternary sediments (Caston, 1977, 1979; Gatliff et al., 1994). Although a detailed understanding of the depositional history recorded by this sedimentary succession is yet to be fully established, these sediments preserve evidence for the advance and retreat of several ice sheets into the North Sea from the adjacent landmasses at different times during the Quaternary. These ice masses not only resulted in periodic erosion, but also made a significant depositional contribution to the infill of the basin.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1002/jqs.2932
ISSN: 02678179
Date made live: 16 Mar 2017 09:06 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/516542

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