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Long-term CO2 injection and its impact on near-surface soil microbiology

Gwosdz, Simone; West, Julia M.; Jones, David; Rakoczy, Jana; Green, Kay; Barlow, Tom; Blöthe, Marco; Smith, Karon; Steven, Michael; Krüger, Martin; de Boer, Wietse. 2016 Long-term CO2 injection and its impact on near-surface soil microbiology. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 92 (12), fiw193. 10.1093/femsec/fiw193

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Abstract/Summary

Impacts of long-term CO2 exposure on environmental processes and microbial populations of near-surface soils are poorly understood. This near-surface long-term CO2 injection study demonstrated that soil microbiology and geochemistry is influenced more by seasonal parameters than elevated CO2. Soil samples were taken during a 3-year field experiment including sampling campaigns before, during and after 24 months of continuous CO2 injection. CO2 concentrations within CO2-injected plots increased up to 23% during the injection period. No CO2 impacts on geochemistry were detected over time. In addition, CO2-exposed samples did not show significant changes in microbial CO2 and CH4 turnover rates compared to reference samples. Likewise, no significant CO2-induced variations were detected for the abundance of Bacteria, Archaea (16S rDNA) and gene copy numbers of the mcrA gene, Crenarchaeota and amoA gene. The majority (75%–95%) of the bacterial sequences were assigned to five phyla: Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Acidobacteria and Bacteroidetes. The majority of the archaeal sequences (85%–100%) were assigned to the thaumarchaeotal cluster I.1b (soil group). Univariate and multivariate statistical as well as principal component analyses showed no significant CO2-induced variation. Instead, seasonal impacts especially temperature and precipitation were detected.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1093/femsec/fiw193
ISSN: 1574-6941
Date made live: 07 Feb 2017 14:48 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/516137

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