nerc.ac.uk

The invasion of the carnivorous carabid beetle Trechisibus antarcticus on South Georgia (sub-Antarctic) and its effect on the endemic herbivorous beetle Hydromedion spasutum

Ernsting, G.; Block, W.; MacAlister, H.; Todd, C.. 1995 The invasion of the carnivorous carabid beetle Trechisibus antarcticus on South Georgia (sub-Antarctic) and its effect on the endemic herbivorous beetle Hydromedion spasutum. Oecologia, 103 (1). 34-42. 10.1007/BF00328422

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

Abstract/Summary

Recently two species of carabid beetle were accidentally introduced onto the sub-Antarctic island of South Georgia. Both species are carnivorous and flightless. One of the species, Trechisibus antarcticus, is locally very abundant and in the process of invading the coastal lowland area, where the endemic herbivorous beetle Hydromedion sparsutum (Perimylopidae) is common. Field samples showed the abundance of the endemic species to be much lower, and its adult body size to be larger, in carabid-infested locations than in carabid-free locations. The sample data allowed us to estimate the growth rate of the H. sparsutum larvae and to reconstruct the most likely life-cycle of both species. A laboratory experiment showed a high mortality for the first three (out of six) larval instars of H. sparsutum in groups which had been subjected to predation by T. antarcticus. The duration of the period during which the larvae are vulnerable to predation was shown in a growth experiment to depend on food type. Quantitative and qualitative aspects of the interaction between the introduced predator and the endemic prey, and conditions which allowed the former to invade are discussed

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1007/BF00328422
Programmes: BAS Programmes > Pre 2000 programme
ISSN: 0029-8549
Additional Keywords: colonization, carabid, predation, life history, sub-Antarctic
Date made live: 20 Dec 2016 11:07 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/515587

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...