nerc.ac.uk

Metabolism of DMSP, DMS and DMSO by the cultivable bacterial community associated with the DMSP-producing dinoflagellate Scrippsiella trochoidea

Hatton, Angela D.; Shenoy, Damodar M.; Hart, Mark C.; Mogg, Andrew; Green, David H.. 2012 Metabolism of DMSP, DMS and DMSO by the cultivable bacterial community associated with the DMSP-producing dinoflagellate Scrippsiella trochoidea. Biogeochemistry, 110 (1-3). 131-146. 10.1007/s10533-012-9702-7

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract/Summary

Bacterial species associated with the dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP)-producing phytoplankton Scrippsiella trochoidea were cultured and identified, with the aim of establishing their ability to metabolise DMSP, dimethylsulfide (DMS) and dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO). Results demonstrate that of the cultivable bacteria only α-Proteobacteria were capable of producing DMS from DMSP. The concentration of DMSP was shown to affect the amount of DMS produced. Lower DMSP concentrations (1.5 μmol dm−3) were completely assimilated, whereas higher concentrations (10 μmol dm−3) resulted in increasing amounts of DMS being produced. By contrast to the restricted set of bacteria that metabolised DMSP, ~ 70% of the bacterial isolates were able to ‘consume’ DMS. However, 98-100% of the DMS removed was accounted for as DMSO. Notably, a number of these bacteria would only oxidise DMS in the presence of glucose, including members of the γ-Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes. The observations from this study, coupled with published field data, identify DMS oxidation to DMSO as a major transformation pathway for DMS, and we speculate that the fate of DMS and DMSP in the field are tightly coupled to the available carbon produced by phytoplankton.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1007/s10533-012-9702-7
ISSN: 0168-2563
Additional Keywords: Dinoflagellate-associated bacteria; DMSPDMS and DMSO metabolism;,DMS oxidation
Date made live: 20 Dec 2016 10:41 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/515585

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...