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Delivering 21st century Antarctic and Southern Ocean science

Kennicutt, M.C.; Kim, Y.D.; Rogan-Finnemore, M.; Anandakrishnan, S.; Chown, S.L.; Colwell, S.; Cowan, D.; Escutia, C.; Frenot, Y.; Hall, J.; Liggett, D.; Mcdonald, A.J.; Nixdorf, U.; Siegert, M.J.; Storey, J.; Wåhlin, A.; Weatherwax, A.; Wilson, G.S.; Wilson, T.; Wooding, R.; Ackley, S.; Biebow, N.; Blankenship, D.; Bo, S.; Baeseman, J.; Cárdenas, C.A.; Cassano, J.; Danhong, C.; Dañobeitia, J.; Francis, J.; Guldahl, J.; Hashida, G.; Corbalán, L. Jiménez; Klepikov, A.; Lee, J.; Leppe, M.; Lijun, F.; López-Martinez, J.; Memolli, M.; Motoyoshi, Y.; Bueno, R. Mousalle; Negrete, J.; Cárdenes, M.A. Ojeda; Silva, M. Proaño; Ramos-Garcia, S.; Sala, H.; Shin, H.; Shijie, X.; Shiraishi, K.; Stockings, T.; Trotter, S.; Vaughan, D.G.; De Menezes, J. Viera Da Unha; Vlasich, V.; Weijia, Q.; Winther, J.-G.; Miller, H.; Rintoul, S.; Yang, H.. 2016 Delivering 21st century Antarctic and Southern Ocean science. Antarctic Science, 28 (6). 407-423. 10.1017/S0954102016000481

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Abstract/Summary

The Antarctic Roadmap Challenges (ARC) project identified critical requirements to deliver high priority Antarctic research in the 21st century. The ARC project addressed the challenges of enabling technologies, facilitating access, providing logistics and infrastructure, and capitalizing on international co-operation. Technological requirements include: i) innovative automated in situ observing systems, sensors and interoperable platforms (including power demands), ii) realistic and holistic numerical models, iii) enhanced remote sensing and sensors, iv) expanded sample collection and retrieval technologies, and v) greater cyber-infrastructure to process ‘big data’ collection, transmission and analyses while promoting data accessibility. These technologies must be widely available, performance and reliability must be improved and technologies used elsewhere must be applied to the Antarctic. Considerable Antarctic research is field-based, making access to vital geographical targets essential. Future research will require continent- and ocean-wide environmentally responsible access to coastal and interior Antarctica and the Southern Ocean. Year-round access is indispensable. The cost of future Antarctic science is great but there are opportunities for all to participate commensurate with national resources, expertise and interests. The scope of future Antarctic research will necessitate enhanced and inventive interdisciplinary and international collaborations. The full promise of Antarctic science will only be realized if nations act together.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1017/S0954102016000481
Programmes: BAS Programmes > BAS Programmes 2015 > Atmosphere, Ice and Climate
BAS Programmes > BAS Corporate
ISSN: 0954-1020
Additional Keywords: access, future directions, infrastructure, logistics, technologies
NORA Subject Terms: General > Science Policy
Date made live: 14 Dec 2016 09:41 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/515482

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