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Major variations in sub-tropical North Atlantic heat transport at short timescales: causes and consequences

Moat, Ben; Josey, Simon; Sinha, Bablu; Blaker, Adam; Smeed, David; McCarthy, Gerard; Johns, William; Hirschi, Joel; Frajka-Williams, Eleanor; Rayner, Darren; Duchez, Aurelie; Coward, Andrew. 2016 Major variations in sub-tropical North Atlantic heat transport at short timescales: causes and consequences. In: EGU General Assembly 2016, Vienna, Austria, 17-22 Apr 2016. (Unpublished)

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Abstract/Summary

Variability in the North Atlantic ocean heat transport at 26.5N on short (5-day) timescales is identified and contrasted with different behaviour at monthly intervals using a combination of RAPID/MOCHA/WBTS measurements and the NEMO-LIM2 1/12 ocean circulation/sea ice model. Wind forcing plays the leading role in establishing the heat transport variability through the Ekman transport response of the ocean and the associated driving atmospheric conditions vary significantly with timescale. We find that at 5-day timescales the largest changes in the heat transport across 26.5N coincide with north-westerly airflows originating over the American land mass that drive strong southward anomalies in the Ekman flow. During these events the northward heat transport reduces by 0.5-0.7 PW (i.e. about 50% of the mean). In contrast, the Ekman transport response at longer monthly timescales is smaller in magnitude (0.2-0.3 PW) and consistent with expected variations in the leading mode of North Atlantic atmospheric variability, the North Atlantic Oscillation. The north-westerly airflow mechanism can have a prolonged influence beyond the central 5-day timescale and on occasion can reduce the accumulated winter ocean heat transport into the north Atlantic by ~40%.

Item Type: Publication - Conference Item (Paper)
Programmes: NOC Programmes > Marine Physics and Ocean Climate
NOC Programmes > Marine Systems Modelling
NORA Subject Terms: Marine Sciences
Date made live: 14 Dec 2016 13:21 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/515452

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