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Global patterns of sex- and age-specific variation in seabird bycatch

Gianuca, Dimas; Phillips, Richard A.; Townley, Stuart; Votier, Stephen C.. 2017 Global patterns of sex- and age-specific variation in seabird bycatch. Biological Conservation, 205. 60-76. 10.1016/j.biocon.2016.11.028

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This article has been accepted for publication and will appear in a revised form in Biological Conservation, published by Elsevier. Copyright Elsevier.
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Abstract/Summary

Fisheries bycatch is a major threat to seabird populations, and understanding sex- and age-biases in bycatch rates is important for assessing population-level impacts. We analysed 44 studies to provide the first global assessment of seabird bycatch by sex and age, and used generalised models to investigate the effects of region and fishing method. Bycatch was highly biased by sex (65% of 123 samples) and age (92% of 114 samples), with the majority of samples skewed towards males and adults. Bycatch of adults and males was higher in subpolar regions, whereas there was a tendency for more immatures and females to be killed in subtropical waters. Fishing method influenced sex- and age-ratios only in subpolar regions. Sex- and age-biases are therefore common features of seabird bycatch in global fisheries that appear to be associated largely with differences in at-sea distributions. This unbalanced mortality influences the extent to which populations are impacted by fisheries, which is a key consideration for at-risk species. We recommend that researchers track individuals of different sex and age classes to improve knowledge of their distribution, relative overlap with vessels, and hence susceptibility to bycatch. This information should then be incorporated in ecological risk assessments of effects of fisheries on vulnerable species. Additionally, data on sex, age and provenance of bycaught birds should be collected by fisheries observers in order to identify regions and fleets where bycatch is more likely to result in population-level impacts, and to improve targeting of bycatch mitigation and monitoring of compliance.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.biocon.2016.11.028
Programmes: BAS Programmes > BAS Programmes 2015 > Ecosystems
ISSN: 00063207
Additional Keywords: age ratio, incidental mortality, seabirds, fisheries management, sex ratio
Date made live: 07 Dec 2016 09:05 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/515430

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