nerc.ac.uk

Impact of slowdown of Atlantic overturning circulation on heat and freshwater transports

Kelly, Kathryn A.; Drushka, Kyla; Thompson, LuAnne; Le Bars, Dewi; McDonagh, Elaine L.. 2016 Impact of slowdown of Atlantic overturning circulation on heat and freshwater transports. Geophysical Research Letters, 43 (14). 7625-7631. 10.1002/2016GL069789

Before downloading, please read NORA policies.
[img]
Preview
Text
grl54726.pdf - Published Version

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract/Summary

Recent measurements of the strength of the Atlantic overturning circulation at 26°N show a 1 year drop and partial recovery amid a gradual weakening. To examine the extent and impact of the slowdown on basin wide heat and freshwater transports for 2004–2012, a box model that assimilates hydrographic and satellite observations is used to estimate heat transport and freshwater convergence as residuals of the heat and freshwater budgets. Using an independent transport estimate, convergences are converted to transports, which show a high level of spatial coherence. The similarity between Atlantic heat transport and the Agulhas Leakage suggests that it is the source of the surface heat transport anomalies. The freshwater budget in the North Atlantic is dominated by a decrease in freshwater flux. The increasing salinity during the slowdown supports modeling studies that show that heat, not freshwater, drives trends in the overturning circulation in a warming climate.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1002/2016GL069789
ISSN: 00948276
Additional Keywords: AMOC; heat transport; freshwater
Date made live: 05 Oct 2016 12:33 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/514750

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

Downloads for past 30 days

Downloads per month over past year

More statistics for this item...