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Middle to Late Devensian glaciation of north-east Scotland: implications for the north-eastern quadrant of the last British-Irish ice sheet

Merritt, Jon W.; Connell, E. Rodger; Hall, Adrian M.. 2017 Middle to Late Devensian glaciation of north-east Scotland: implications for the north-eastern quadrant of the last British-Irish ice sheet. Journal of Quaternary Science, 32 (2). 276-294. 10.1002/jqs.2878

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Abstract/Summary

We present a review of over 175 years of research into the Middle to Late Devensian (Weichselian) glaciation of north-east Scotland based crucially on both its lithostratigraphic and geomorphic records. The location of the region, and surrounding seabed, makes this unusually detailed record significant for deciphering the former interactions and dynamics of Scottish and Scandinavian ice within the North Sea Basin (NSB), which continue to be controversial. A twelve-stage event stratigraphy is proposed based on a parsimonious interpretation of stratigraphic relationships, till lithology and regional clast fabrics, striae, subglacial bedforms, ice-marginal features and published geochronometry at critical sites. The record of regional glaciation supports converging evidence that the north-eastern quadrant of the last British and Irish Ice Sheet (BIIS) reached its maximum spatial extent in the late Middle- to early Late Devensian and later re-expanded following widespread internal glacial reorganisations, marine transgression and partial retreat from the central NSB. Retreat was interrupted by several glacial readvances of limited extent. Field-captured data helps identify important events that are not clearly resolved from remote sensing alone, particularly regarding growth phases of the last glaciation.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1002/jqs.2878
ISSN: 02678179
Additional Keywords: British Irish Ice Sheet; North-east Scotland; Buchan; lithostratigraphy; Devensian; North Sea; till lithology; erratics.
NORA Subject Terms: Earth Sciences
Date made live: 28 Sep 2016 13:44 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/514638

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