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Effects of future sea-level rise on tidal processes on the Patagonian Shelf

Carless, Stacey J.; Green, J.A. Mattias; Pelling, Holly E.; Wilmes, Sophie-Berenice. 2016 Effects of future sea-level rise on tidal processes on the Patagonian Shelf. Journal of Marine Systems, 163. 113-124. 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2016.07.007

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Abstract/Summary

The response of tidally driven processes on the Patagonian Shelf to sea-level rise (SLR) is revisited using large but realistic levels of change in a numerical tidal model. The results relate to previous studies through significant differences in the impact, depending on how SLR is implemented. This is true for how the boundary at the coastline is treated, i.e., if we allow for inundation of land or assume flood defences along the coast, but also for how the sea-level change itself is implemented. Simulations with uniform SLR provide a different, and slightly larger, response than do runs where SLR is based on observed trends. In all cases, the effect on the tidal amplitudes is patchy, with alternating increases and decreases in amplitude along the shelf. Furthermore, simulations with a realistic future change in vertical stratification, thus affecting tidal conversion rates, imply that there may be a small but significant decrease in the amplitudes along the coast. Associated processes, e.g., the location of mixing fronts and potential impacts on biogeochemical cycles on the shelf are also discussed.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2016.07.007
ISSN: 09247963
Additional Keywords: Tides; Sea-level rise; Tidal mixing; Numerical tidal model; Patagonian Shelf
Date made live: 23 Sep 2016 09:19 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/514563

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