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BVOC responses to realistic nitrogen fertilization and ozone exposure in silver birch

Carriero, G.; Brunetti, C.; Fares, S.; Hayes, F.; Hoshika, Y.; Mills, G.; Tattini, M.; Paoletti, E.. 2016 BVOC responses to realistic nitrogen fertilization and ozone exposure in silver birch. Environmental Pollution, 213. 988-995. 10.1016/j.envpol.2015.12.047

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Abstract/Summary

Emission of BVOC (Biogenic Volatile Organic Compounds) from plant leaves in response to ozone exposure (O-3) and nitrogen (N) fertilization is poorly understood. For the first time, BVOC emissions were explored in a forest tree species (silver birch, Betula pendula) exposed for two years to realistic levels of O-3 (35, 48 and 69 ppb as daylight average) and N (10, 30 and 70 kg ha(-1) yr(-1), applied weekly to the soil as ammonium nitrate). The main BVOCs emitted were: alpha-pinene, beta-pinene, limonene, ocimene, (E)-4,8-dimethyl-1,3,7-nonatriene (DMNT) and hexanal. Ozone exposure increased BVOC emission and reduced total leaf area. The effect on emission was stronger when a short-term O-3 metric (concentrations at the time of sampling) rather than a long-term one (AOT40) was used. The effect of O-3 on total leaf area was not able to compensate for the stimulation of emission, so that responses to O-3 at leaf and whole plant level were similar. Nitrogen fertilization increased total leaf area, decreased alpha-pinene and beta-pinene emission, and increased ocimene, hexanal and DMNT emission. The increase of leaf area changed the significance of the emission response to N fertilization for most compounds. Nitrogen fertilization mitigated the effects of O-3 exposure on total leaf area, while the combined effects of O-3 exposure and N fertilization on BVOC emission were additive and not synergistic. In conclusion, O-3 exposure and N fertilization have the potential to affect global BVOC via direct effects on plant emission rates and changes in leaf area.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.envpol.2015.12.047
CEH Sections: Emmett
ISSN: 0269-7491
Additional Keywords: volatile organic compounds, Betula pendula, tropospheric ozone, climate-change, isoprene emission, Quercus ilex, elevated CO2, monoterpene emissions, stomatal sluggishness, terpenoid emissions, leaf area, nitrogen, ozone, silver birch
NORA Subject Terms: Ecology and Environment
Atmospheric Sciences
Date made live: 10 Aug 2016 11:06 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/514222

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