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Are we going about chemical risk assessment for the aquatic environment the wrong way?

Johnson, Andrew C.; Sumpter, John P.. 2016 Are we going about chemical risk assessment for the aquatic environment the wrong way? Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 35 (7). 1609-1616. 10.1002/etc.3441

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Abstract/Summary

The goal of protecting the aquatic environment through testing thousands of chemicals against hundreds of aquatic species with thousands of endpoints while also considering mixtures is impossible given the present resources. Much of the impetus for studies on micropollutants, such as pharmaceuticals, came from the topic of endocrine disruption in wild fish. But despite concern over reductions in fish fertility, there is little evidence that fish populations are in peril. Indeed, fish biologists suggest that many cyprinid populations have been recovering for the past 30 to 40 yr. The central assumption, key to current risk assessment, that effects observed in the laboratory or predicted by models are readily transferrable to the population level, is therefore questionable. The neglect in monitoring wildlife populations is the key weakness in environmental protection strategies. If we do not know whether aquatic wildlife species are declining or increasing, how valuable are our other ecotoxicological activities?

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1002/etc.3441
CEH Sections: Rees (from October 2014)
ISSN: 0730-7268
Additional Information. Not used in RCUK Gateway to Research.: Open Access paper - full text available via Official URL link.
Additional Keywords: aquatic, risk, chemicals, wildlife, monitoring
NORA Subject Terms: General > Science Policy
Biology and Microbiology
Chemistry
Date made live: 30 Jun 2016 13:46 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/513892

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