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Calibration and unwrapping of the normalized scattering cross section for the Cyclone Global Navigation Satellite System

Gleason, Scott; Ruf, Christopher S.; Clarizia, Maria Paola; O'Brien, Andrew J.. 2016 Calibration and unwrapping of the normalized scattering cross section for the Cyclone Global Navigation Satellite System. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 54 (5). 2495-2509. 10.1109/TGRS.2015.2502245

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Abstract/Summary

This paper develops and characterizes the algorithms used to generate the Level 1 (L1) science data products of the Cyclone Global Navigation Satellite System (CYGNSS) mission. The L1 calibration consists of two parts: the Level 1a (L1a) calibration converts the raw Level 0 delay-Doppler maps (DDMs) of processed counts into received power in units of watts. The L1a DDMs are then converted to Level 1b DDMs of bistatic radar cross section values by unwrapping the forward scattering model and generating two additional DDMs: one of unnormalized bistatic radar cross section values (in units of square meters) and a second of bin-by-bin effective scattering areas. The L1 data products are generated in such a way as to allow for flexible processing of variable areas of the DDM (which correspond to different regions on the surface). The application of the L1 data products to the generation of input observables for the CYGNSS Level 2 (L2) wind retrievals is also presented. This includes a demonstration of using only near-specular DDM bins to calculate a normalized bistatic radar cross section (unitless, i.e., m2/m2) over a subset of DDM pixels, or DDM area. Additionally, an extensive term-by-term error analysis has been performed using this example extent of the DDM to help quantify the sensitivity of the L1 calibration as a function of key internal instrument and external parameters in the near-specular region.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1109/TGRS.2015.2502245
ISSN: 0196-2892
Date made live: 24 Jun 2016 10:31 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/513875

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