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The relationship between eruptive activity, flank collapse, and sea level at volcanic islands: A long-term (>1 Ma) record offshore Montserrat, Lesser Antilles

Coussens, Maya; Wall-Palmer, Deborah; Talling, Peter J.; Watt, Sebastian F.L.; Cassidy, Michael; Jutzeler, Martin; Clare, Michael A.; Hunt, James E.; Manga, Michael; Gernon, Thomas M.; Palmer, Martin R.; Hatter, Stuart J.; Boudon, Georges; Endo, Daisuke; Fujinawa, Akihiko; Hatfield, Robert; Hornbach, Matthew J.; Ishizuka, Osamu; Kataoka, Kyoko; Le Friant, Anne; Maeno, Fukashi; McCanta, Molly; Stinton, Adam J.. 2016 The relationship between eruptive activity, flank collapse, and sea level at volcanic islands: A long-term (>1 Ma) record offshore Montserrat, Lesser Antilles. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 17 (7). 2591-2611. 10.1002/2015GC006053

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© Publisher 2016 This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Coussens, Maya, Wall-Palmer, Deborah, Talling, Peter J., Watt, Sebastian F.L., Cassidy, Michael, Jutzeler, Martin, Clare, Michael A., Hunt, James E., Manga, Michael, Gernon, Thomas M., Palmer, Martin R., Hatter, Stuart J., Boudon, Georges, Endo, Daisuke, Fujinawa, Akihiko, Hatfield, Robert, Hornbach, Matthew J., Ishizuka, Osamu, Kataoka, Kyoko, Le Friant, Anne, Maeno, Fukashi, McCanta, Molly and Stinton, Adam J. (2016) The relationship between eruptive activity, flank collapse, and sea level at volcanic islands: A long-term (>1 Ma) record offshore Montserrat, Lesser Antilles. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, which has been published in final form at doi:10.1002/2015GC006053. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
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Abstract/Summary

Hole U1395B, drilled southeast of Montserrat during Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Expedition 340, provides a long (>1 Ma) and detailed record of eruptive and mass-wasting events (>130 discrete events). This record can be used to explore the temporal evolution in volcanic activity and landslides at an arc volcano. Analysis of tephra fall and volcaniclastic turbidite deposits in the drill cores reveals three heightened periods of volcanic activity on the island of Montserrat (?930 ka to ?900 ka, ?810 ka to ?760 ka, and ?190 ka to ?120 ka) that coincide with periods of increased volcano instability and mass-wasting. The youngest of these periods marks the peak in activity at the Soufrière Hills volcano. The largest flank collapse of this volcano (?130 ka) occurred towards the end of this period, and two younger landslides also occurred during a period of relatively elevated volcanism. These three landslides represent the only large (>0.3 km3) flank collapses of the Soufrière Hills edifice, and their timing also coincides with periods of rapid sea-level rise (>5 m/ka). Available age data from other island arc volcanoes suggests a general correlation between the timing of large landslides and periods of rapid sea-level rise, but this is not observed for volcanoes in intra-plate ocean settings. We thus infer that rapid sea-level rise may modulate the timing of collapse at island arc volcanoes, but not in larger ocean-island settings.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1002/2015GC006053
ISSN: 15252027
Additional Keywords: Landslide; volcanism; sea-level; IODP; Expedition 340
Date made live: 23 Jun 2016 16:04 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/513873

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