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Probabilistic assessment of risks of diethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) in surface waters of China on reproduction of fish

Liu, Na; Wang, Yeyao; Yang, Qi; Lv, Yibing; Jin, Xiaowei; Giesy, John P.; Johnson, Andrew C.. 2016 Probabilistic assessment of risks of diethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) in surface waters of China on reproduction of fish. Environmental Pollution, 213. 482-488. 10.1016/j.envpol.2016.03.005

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Abstract/Summary

Diethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) is considered to be an endocrine disruptor, which unlike other chemicals that have either non-specific (e.g., narcotics) or more generalized reactive modes of action, affect the Hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis and tend to have specific interactions with particular molecular targets within biochemical pathways. Responding to this challenge, a novel method for deriving predicted no-effect concentration (PNEC) and probabilistic ecological risk assessment (PERAs) for DEHP based on long-term exposure to potentially sensitive species with appropriate apical endpoints was development for protection of Chinese surface waters. PNECs based on potencies to cause lesions in reproductive tissues of fishes, which ranged from 0.04 to 0.20 μg DEHP L−1, were significantly less than those derived based on other endpoints or other taxa, such as invertebrates. An assessment of risks posed by DEHP to aquatic organisms in surface waters of China showed that 88.17% and 78.85% of surface waters in China were predicted to pose risks to reproductive fitness of fishes with thresholds of protection for aquatic organisms based on 5% (HC5) and 10% (HC10), respectively. Assessment of risks of effects based on effects mediated by the HPG-axis should consider effects on chronic, non-lethal endpoints for specific taxa, especially for reproductive fitness of fishes.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1016/j.envpol.2016.03.005
CEH Sections: Rees (from October 2014)
ISSN: 0269-7491
Additional Keywords: ecological risk assessment, reproduction fitness, species sensitivity distribution, endocrine disruption, Asia
NORA Subject Terms: Biology and Microbiology
Date made live: 04 May 2016 09:21 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/513527

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