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Tide and skew surge independence: new insights for flood risk

Williams, Joanne; Horsburgh, Kevin; Williams, Jane; Proctor, Robert. 2016 Tide and skew surge independence: new insights for flood risk. Geophysical Research Letters, 43 (12). 6410-6417. 10.1002/2016GL069522

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© 2016 American Geophysical Union. Further reproduction or electronic distribution is not permitted doi:10.1002/2016GL069522
Williams_et_al-2016-Geophysical_Research_Letters.pdf - Published Version

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© Publisher 2016 This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Williams, Joanne; Horsburgh, Kevin; Williams, Jane; Proctor, Robert. 2016 Tide and skew surge independence: new insights for flood risk. Geophysical Research Letters, Early View. 10.1002/2016GL069522, which has been published in final form at doi: 10.1002/2016GL069522. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
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Abstract/Summary

Storm surges are a significant hazard to coastal communities around the world, putting lives at risk and costing billions of dollars in damage. Understanding how storm surges and high tides interact is crucial for estimating extreme water levels so that we can protect coastal communities. We demonstrate that in a tidal regime the best measure of a storm surge is the skew surge, the difference between the observed and predicted high water within a tidal cycle. Based on tide gauge records spanning decades from the UK, US, Netherlands and Ireland we show that the magnitude of high water exerts no influence on the size of the most extreme skew surges. This is the first systematic proof that any storm surge can occur on any tide, which is essential for understanding worst case scenarios. The lack of surge generation dependency on water depth emphasises the dominant natural variability of weather systems in an observations-based analysis. Weak seasonal relationships between skew surges and high waters were identified at a minority of locations where long period changes to the tidal cycle interact with the storm season. Our results allow advances to be made in methods for estimating the joint probabilities of storm surges and tides.

Item Type: Publication - Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1002/2016GL069522
ISSN: 0094-8276
Additional Keywords: Storm surge; Skew surge; Tides
Date made live: 02 Jun 2016 16:10 +0 (UTC)
URI: http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/513305

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